If you need to raise capital for your startup, you might have heard about the benefits of crowdfunding. But before you sign yourself up for a Kickstarter account, have you thought about whether it’s right for your startup?
Crowdfunding has helped so many startups and small businesses raise capital and secure their futures. But, for every campaign that’s a success, there are several more that have failed.
This is because crowdfunding isn’t right for every business model, and it could depend on the amount of capital you want to raise.
How much do you want to raise?
If your startup is looking to raise a large amount, think again. Crowdfunding might not be for you. Crowdfunding works best for early stage startups that are looking to raise smaller amounts of cash.
Fundable, which is a crowdfunding platform for small businesses says based on their stats, their campaigns are most successful at or around amounts of $10,000.
Now, for most later stage startups that much capital is small fry. In most cases it would barely cover their operational needs.
Why not larger amounts?
So, why doesn’t crowdfunding work for larger amounts of capital? Generally, support for crowdfunding campaigns comes from your own personal network of friends, family, co-workers and peers. Crowdfunding campaigns get a lot of pledges, but they all tend to be small amounts. Therefore, smaller funding goals are easier to reach.
By all means, there’s nothing stopping you from trying to raise a large amount of capital for your startup through crowdfunding. Just be aware that you may not reach your target. This might not be a problem on platforms that let you keep any amount that you raise, such as Indiegogo. But on Kickstarter, if you don’t hit your funding goal you don’t get to keep a penny of your pledges, so bear that in mind.
Crowdfunding isn’t the same as raising investment
Don’t treat crowdfunding in the same way as you’d treat raising from investors. They’re not quite the same, and they should be used differently. As we mentioned, if you’re an early stage startup looking to raise a small amount of capital, then go for it. If you need more cash then consider a traditional investment round instead.
If you don’t need one solid chunk of cash, why not consider using crowdfunding to raise several small chunks of cash as and when you need it. For example, use crowdfunding to help you get to your next milestone.
Just don’t use it to pay for 12 months plus of operational costs and employee salaries in one go. Using crowdfunding to prove incremental milestones gives you credibility and proves your idea is gaining momentum.
What should you give back?
Ordinarily, when you raise capital for your startup, your investors will get a share in your company. The amount is dependent on how much they invest. Crowdfunding is slightly different. Your backers won’t be getting a slice of the company. It’s more common to offer your campaign backers rewards, which aren’t a traditional ROI.
However, if you’d rather, there are crowdfunding platforms that are geared specifically towards startups and small businesses (such as Crowdfunder). They let you reward your backers with a stake in the company, like you would in a traditional investment round.
What are rewards?
Rewards are incentives which encourage backers to give more to your campaign. The more they give, the bigger the reward they’ll get. Rewards can be products or services, experiences or events, sponsorships or general thanks. Anything that entices people to pledge to your campaign. Generally, the more a backer pledges, the better, and more exclusive, the reward will be.
It’s worth noting that rewards are not monetary. They’re unique prizes that a backer can’t get hold of anywhere else. And, they should be related to whatever it is you’re funding for.
For example, a crowdfunding campaign for an indie film might offer tickets to the film premiere, or a behind the scenes experience as a reward. If you’re a business, you can offer your backers your product or service for free, or a discount off the RRP. You get the idea.
How do rewards work?
You should have a few different rewards placed at different price points. The more a backer pledges, the better their reward should be.
Rewards should also be limited in number to create a sense of urgency. Backers need some FOMO to commit to pledging. Your rewards need to be good value for money, and something that a backer would genuinely want.
Here’s how they work:
Have a large number of ‘low cost’ rewards set around $20, as lots of people tend to pledge around this amount. For example, for $20 offer 100 rewards of 50% off your product or service. Then, gradually increase the amount a backer has to pledge, and limit the number of available rewards to create FOMO.
At the top end, you should include one reward that might attract a big investment (for example from businesses or corporations). This can be some kind of sponsorship deal.
So, taking the example of an indie film campaign, your reward hierarchy can work something like this:
- Pledge $20 – DVD copies of the finished film release (x100)
- Pledge $50 – 1 pair of tickets to the film premiere (x50)
- Pledge $100 – 1 pair of tickets to the film premiere plus a meet and greet with the director (x 25)
- Pledge $150 – A framed and signed limited edition still from the film (x10)
- Pledge $250 – A behind the scenes set tour (x5)
- Pledge $500 – A special mention on the end credits (x3)
- Pledge $1500 – Corporate sponsorship (x1)
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